Cynomoriaceae References

Abd el-Magied, E. M., H. A. Abd el-Rahman, and F. M. Harraz. 2001. The effect of aqueous extracts of Cynomorium coccineum and Withania somnifera on testicular development in immature Wistar rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 75: 1-4.

Abd el-Rahman, H., A. El-Badry, O. Mahmoud, and F. Harraz. 1999. The effect of the aqueous extract of Cynomorium coccineum on the epididymal sperm pattern of the rat. Phytother Res. 13: 248-250.

Al-Qarawi, A. A., H. A. Abdel-Rahman, A. A. El-Badry, F. Harraz, N. A. Razig, and E. M. Abdel-Magied. 2000. The effect of extracts of Cynomorium coccineum and Withania somnifera on gonadotrophins and ovarian follicles of immature Wistar rats. Phytotherapy Research 14: 288-290.

Baglin, I., A. C. Mitaine-Offer, M. Nour, K. Tan, C. Cave, and M. A. Lacaille-Dubois. 2003. A review of natural and modified betulinic, ursolic and echinocystic acid derivatives as potential antitumor and anti-HIV agents. Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry 3: 525-539.

Barkman, T. J., J. R. McNeal, S.-H. Lim, G. Coat, H. Croom, N. Young, and C. W. DePamphis. 2004. Mitochondrial DNA suggests 12 origins of parasitism in angiosperms and implicates parasitic plants as vectors of horizontal gene flow. Pages 104. Botany 2004. Botanical Society of America Abstracts, Snowbird, Utah.

Fahmy, G. M. 1993. Transpiration and dry matter allocation in the angiosperm root parasite Cynomorium coccineum L. and two of its halophytic hosts. Biologia Plantarum Prague 35: 603-608.

Fernandez, C. J., and R. R. M. 1974. Estudios cariologicos sobere la flora espanola. Boletim Sociedade Broteriana 48: 88-109.

García, M. A., E. H. Nicholson, and D. L. Nickrent. 2004. Extensive intra-individual variation in plastid rDNA sequences from the holoparasite Cynomorium coccineum (Cynomoriaceae). Journal of Molecular Evolution 58: 322-332.

Harborne, J. B., N. Saito, and C. H. Detoni. 1994. Anthocyanins of Cephaelis, Cynomorium, Euterpe, Lavatera and Pinanga. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 22: 835-836.

Hill, H. 1926 Dactylanthus taylori. Order Balanophoreae; tribe Cynomorieae. Trans. N. Z. Inst 56: 87-90.

Hooker, J. D. 1856. On the structure and affinities of Balanophoraceae. Trans. Linn. Soc. London 22: 1-68 plus 16 plates.

Ikram, M., M. Dar, and T. Fakouhi. 1978. Hypotensive agent from Cynomorium coccineum. Pahlavi Med J. 9.

Jafri, S. 1977. Flora of Libya: 17. Cynomoriaceae. Pages 3p. - Illus., map. Tripoli, Al Fateeh University, 1977.

Jiang, Z. H., T. Tanaka, M. Sakamoto, T. Jiang, and I. Kouno. 2001. Studies on a medicinal parasitic plant: Lignans from the stems of Cynomorium songaricum. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 49: 1036-1038.

Juel, O. 1902. Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Samens von Cynomorium. Beth. Bot. Centralbi 13: 194-202.

Juel, O. 1910. Cynomorium und Hippuris. Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 4: 151-159. You can obtain pdf files of this paper in German HERE or English HERE.

Lanfranco, G. G. 1960. Cynomorum coccineum Linn.,a Maltese historical plant. Melita Historica [Journal of the Malta Historical Society] 3: 53-70. Article online HERE.

Lebling, R. W. 2003. The treasure of tarthuth. Pages 12-17. Saudi Aramco World. 54:12-17. Go HERE to see this article.

Lee, K. H., H. J. Lee, and e. al. 1997. Screening of prolyl endopeptidase inhibitors from natural products. Yakhak Hoeji 41: 153-160.

Leonard, J. 1986. Observation sur le genre Cynomorium L. en Asie (Cynomoriaceae). Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 56: 301-304.

Li, F., D. Wang, Z. Jiang, X. Gao, and H. Zhao. 2001. Activity stimulating osteoblast-like cells proliferation of some traditional chinese medicinal herbs and other plants. Pharmaceutical Biology (Formerly International Journal of Pharmacognosy) 39: 351 - 356.

Liu, Z., Y. Yang, and B. Zheng. 1993. [Effect of improving memory and inhibiting acetylcholinesterase activity by invigorating-qi and warming-yang recipe] Chinese. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 13: 675-676, 646.

Ma, C., S. Jia, T. Sun, and Y. Zhang. 1993. [Triterpenes and steroidal compounds from Cynomorium songaricum] Chinese. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 28: 152-155.

Ma, C. M., N. Nakamura, H. Miyashiro, M. Hattori, and K. Shimotohno. 1999. Inhibitory effects of constituents from Cynomorium songaricum and related triterpene derivatives on HIV-1 protease. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 47: 141-145.

Ma, Z., R. Wang, and M. Qiu. 1999. [Study of morphologic effects of 4 Chinese herbs by bone histomorphometry in ovariectomized rats] Chinese. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi. 34: 82-85.

Nakamura, N. 2004. Inhibitory effects of some traditional medicines on proliferation of HIV-1 and its protease. Yakugaku Zasshi 124: 519-529.

Nickrent, D. L., J. P. Der, and F. E. Anderson. 2005. Discovery of the photosynthetic relatives of the "Maltese mushroom" Cynomorium. BMC Evolutionary Biology 5:38. For a PDF file of this article, click HERE. For the full text online version, go HERE.

Nishida, S., S. Kikuichi, S. Yoshioka, M. Tsubaki, Y. Fujii, H. Matsuda, M. Kubo, and K. Irimajiri. 2003. Induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells treated with medicinal herbs. Am J Chin Med. 31: 551-562.

Ouf, S. A. 1993. Mycological studies on the angiosperm root parasite Cynomorium coccineum L. and two of its halophytic hosts. Biologia Plantarum Prague 35: 591-602.

Pazy, B., U. Plitmann, and O. Cohen. 1996. Bimodal karyotype in Cynomorium coccineum L. and its systematic implications. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society London 120: 279-281.

Rechinger, K. 1978. Flora Iranica: no. 129. Cynomoriaceae. Pages 2p. - illus. Graz, Akademische Druck, 1978.

Tao, J., P. Tu, W. Xu, and D. Chen. 1999. [Studies on chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of the stem of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.] Chinese. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 24: 292-294, 318-9.

Teryokhin, E., and Z. Nikiticheva. 1976. Razvitie generativnogo pobega i opylenie Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 81: 74 - 88.

Teryokhin, E., Z. Nikiticheva, and M. Yakovlev. 1975. Development of the seed, endosperm and embryo of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. (Cynomoriaceae). Bot. Zhurn. 60: 1603-1613. You can obtain a pdf of the original paper in Russian HERE or translated to English HERE. These files are 2.3 and 0.84 mb in size, respectively.

Teryokhin, E. S., M. S. Yakovlev, and Z. I. Nikitcheva. 1975. Development of microsporangium, pollen grains, ovule and embryo sac in Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. (Cynomoriaceae). Botnicheskii Zhurnal 60: 153-162.

Weddell, H. A. 1860. Memoire sur le Cynomorium coccineum, parasite de l'ordre des Balanophorées. Archives du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle 10: 269-308. You can obtain pdf files of this paper in French HERE or translated to English HERE. These files are 10.5 mb in size, so dowload times may be long. Also, bear in mind that the English translation is rather literal, but hopefully the original meaning has been retained.

Xie, Y., and S. Wang. 2001. Chapter 11: People and biodiversity. Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100080. Article discusses conservation issues, in particular, over collecting of Cynomorium songaricum for medicinal uses. Web page HERE.

Xu, X., C. Zhang, and C. Li. 1996. [Chemical components of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.] Chinese. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 21: 676-7, 704.

Yin, J., Y. Tezuka, K. Kouda, Q. Tran, T. Miyahara, Y. Chen, and S. Kadota. 2004. Antiosteoporotic activity of the water extract of Dioscorea spongiosa. Biol Pharm Bull. 27: 583-586. Also discusses Cynomorium.

Zhang, S., S. Zhang, and J. Hu. 2001. Studies on polysaccharide of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. [Article in Chinese]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 26: 409-411.

SIUC / College of Science / Parasitic Plant Connection / Cymomoriaceae / References
Last updated: 22-Nov-05 / dln