Dactyliophora verticillata (Scheff.) Tiegh.

Distribution Map


Description (Barlow 1974)

Dactyliophora verticillata (Scheff.) Tiegh. Bull. Soc. bot. Fr. 41: 550 (1894); Dans. Bull. Jard. bot. Buitenz. 10: 307 (1929); 11: 359, illus. Fig. 14, i-n (1931); Blumea 3: 42 (1938); Dendrophthoe verticillata Scheff. Ann. Jard. bot. Buitenz. 1: 27 (1876); Loranthus verticillatus (Scheff.) F. Muell. Descr. not. Pap. p1. 5: app. p. 99 (1877) nom. illeg. non R. & P.; Engl. & Krause, Pfl. Fam. ed. 2 16b: 149 (1935). Type-Near Dorei (West Irian), Teysmann 7591 (L 9081281028, holotype; L 9081281038; K).

Loranthus globiflorus Blume, Fl. Jav. tab. post. ed. 29 (1898); Dactyliophora globiflora (Blume) Dans. Bull. Jard. bot. Buitenz. 10: 307 (1929); 11: 356, illus. Fig. 13 (1931). Type-Not known. For comment on typification see Danser in Bull. Jard. bot. Buitenz. 11: 358 (1931).

Loranthus basiflorus Krause, Bot. Jahrb. 57: 479 (1922); Dactyliophora basiflora (Krause) Dans. Bull. Jard. bot. Buitenz. 10: 307 (1929); 11: 356, illus. Fig. 14, a-d (1931). Type-Kani Mountains, Schlechter 17238 (B, holotype, not seen, probably destroyed; s, not seen; UC, not seen).

Loranthus kaniensis Krause, Bot. Jahrb. 57: 477 (1922). Type-Kani Mountains, Schlechter 18091 (B, holotype, not seen, probably destroyed; UC, not seen).

Loranthus thespesiae Krause, Bot. Jahrb. 57: 480 (1922); Dactyliophora thespesiae (Krause) Dans. Bull. Jard. bot. Buitenz. 10: 307 (1929); 14: 86 (1936). Type.- New Ireland, near Kalanga, sea level, Peekel 514 (B, not seen, probably destroyed).

Amyema speciosa Dans. Bull. Jard. bot. Buitenz. 11: 347, illus. Fig. 12, l-o (1931). Type-Albatross Bivak, Mamberamo R., c. P in alt., Docters van Leeuwen 9543, July 1926 (L 932342147, holotype; K; U).

Glabrous except for the inflorescence, calyx and corolla shortly brown- or white-tomentose. Stems terete; internodes usually more than 10 cm long; nodes enlarged when older. Leaves opposite; petiole distinct, 1-25 cm long; lamina oblong to ovate, (8)-12-30 by (3)-4-12 cm, contracted truncate or slightly cordate at the base, undulate at the margins when dry, acuminate and acute at the apex; venation dis-tinctly pennate on both sides with the midrib raised on the under side. Inflorescences scattered on the runners and solitary in the leaf axils; axis terete, enlarged at the nodes, 1.5-2 mm thick; triad-bearing nodes 1-4, usually 2 or 3; first internode 3-8 mm long; second, third and fourth internodes (when present) 2-4 mm long; triads c. 10 at the first node (more when successive nodes are contracted together), c. 8 (rarely up to 12) at the second node, c. 10 at the third node, 4-6 at the fourth node (when present); peduncles of the triads 3-5 mm long, 1 mm thick; pedicels of the lateral flowers of the triads 1-2 mm long; bracts acute, 1 mm long. Calyx barrel-to funnel-shaped, 25-35 mm long; limb 0.5-0.7 mm long, truncate or weakly toothed, folded inwards. Corolla in the mature bud slender, weakly clavate, (25)- 30-50 mm long; petals in the open flower 5-8 (usually 6), each with a deflexed spur inside (3)-6 mm above the base. Anthers 25-5 mm long, equal to or longer than the free parts of the filaments. Fruit not seen.

Occurrence. New Guinea, from the Vogelkop to eastern Papua, New Britain and Bougainville (Fig. 2), mostly 0 to 350 in altitude but recorded once at 1150 in altitude. Also recently recorded from Cape York Peninsula, Queensland.

Representative Specimens. WEST IRIAN: Wandoswaar, Meoswaar, Ransiki, 0 m alt., Kalkman BW 3551, 20.vi.1956 (L; CANB). EASTERN NEW GUINEA: Kokoda, c. 360 m alt., Carr 16155, 19.iii.1936 (CANB; L). NEW BRITAIN: Awul, Gasmata, 0 m alt., Sayers NGF 24121, 21.iii.1965 (AD). BOUGAINVILLE: Near Koniguru No. 1, c. 11 miles N. of Bum, c. 275 m alt., Craven and Schodde 16, 18.vii.1964 (CANB).


D, ver3

Dactyliophora verticillata. A - inflorescence, the triads at the front and at the back side taken away. B - separate triad. C. flower. D - flower bud with half the corolla taken away. E - petal. From Danser (1931).

D. vert.

Dactyliophora verticillata (as D. globiflora). A - leaf-bearing twig. B - inflorescence. C - axis of the inflorescence with a part of the triads. D - flower, half-opened. E - corolla, cut open and spread. F - calyx with ovary and style. G - longitudinal section of pedicel with bract, calyx, ovary and basal part of the syle. From Danser (1931).

D. vert2

Dactyliophora verticillata (as D. basiflora). A - inflorescence. B - flower. C - calyx with style. D - petal with stamen. From Danser (1931).


Dactyliophora verticillata

Dactyliophora verticillata (possibly).  Fruiting specimen.  Kavieng, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.  Photo August 2005 by G. Glatzel.

Specific Locality Information

Dactyliophora verticillata

updated 22 January 2007