Viscaceae thumb

Viscaceae Batsch

Family Description

Distribution Map

List of Genera

Life Cycle of Arceuthobium (dwarf mistletoe)

Dwarf Mistletoe Monograph (Hawksworth & Wiens 1996)

Controlling Mistletoe (Phoradendron)

Photographs

Arceuthobium

Arceuthobium Witches' Brooms

The Dwarf Mistletoe Gurus! Frank Hawksworth (right) and Delbert Wiens (left), San Cristobal, Guatemala, February, 1975. Whole scene. Close-up.

  1. Arceuthobium abieties-religiosae
  2. Arceuthobium americanum
  3. Arceuthobium azoricum
  4. Arceuthobium bicarinatum
  5. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. abietinum. NOTE: PhytoImages links at present only go to the species level. We hope to implement links to subspecific taxa soon.
  6. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. apachecum
  7. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. blumeri
  8. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. californicum
  9.  Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. campylopodum
  10.  Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. cyanocarpum
  11. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. laricis
  12. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. littorum
  13. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. microcarpum
  14. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. monticola
  15. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. occidentale
  16. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. siskiyouense
  17. Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. tsugense
  18. Arceuthobium chinense
  19. Arceuthobium divaricatum
  20. Arceuthobium douglasii
  21. Arceuthobium gillii
  22. Arceuthobium globosum (including subspecies aureum, globosum, grandicaule, and petersonii)
  23. Arceuthobium guatemalense
  24. Arceuthobium hondurense
  25. Arceuthobium juniperi-procerae
  26. Arceuthobium minutissimum
  27. Arceuthobium nigrum (formerly A. gillii ssp. nigrum)
  28. Arceuthobium oaxacanum
  29. Arceuthobium oxycedri
  30. Arceuthobium pendens
  31. Arceuthobium pini
  32. Arceuthobium pusillum
  33. Arceuthobium rubrum
  34. Arceuthobium sichuanense
  35. Arceuthobium strictum
  36. Arceuthobium tibetense
  37. Arceuthobium vaginatum ssp. cryptopodum
  38. Arceuthobium vaginatum ssp. durangense (= A. durangense)
  39. Arceuthobium vaginatum ssp. vaginatum
  40. Arceuthobium verticilliflorum
  41. Arceuthobium yecorense

Dendrophthora

  1. Dendropthora buxifolia
  2. Dendrophthora clavata
  3. Dendrophthora costaricensis ssp. costaricensis
  4. Dendrophthora costaricensis ssp. poasensis
  5. Dendrophthora cupressoides
  6. Dendrophthora davidsei
  7. Dendrophthora dodsonii
  8. Dendrophthora domingensis
  9. Dendrophthora elegantissima
  10.  Dendrophthora elliptica
  11.  Dendrophthora flagelliformis
  12. Dendrophthora fortis
  13. Dendrophthora harlingii
  14. Dendrophthora jauana
  15. Dendrophthora lueri
  16. Dendrophthora mesembryanthemifolia
  17. Dendrophthora opuntioides
  18.  Dendrophthora paucifolia
  19. Dendrophthora perlicarpa
  20. Dendrophthora primaria
  21. Dendrophthora purpurea
  22. Dendrophthora remotiflora
  23. Dendrophthora roraimae
  24. Dendrophthora serpyllifolia
  25. Dendrophthora squamigera
  26. Dendrophthora turrialbae

Ginalloa

  1. Ginalloa angustifolia
  2. Ginalloa arnottiana
  3. Ginalloa ovata

Korthalsella

  1. Korthalsella clavata
  2. Korthalsella cylindrica
  3. Korthalsella disticha
  4. Korthalsella geminata
  5. Korthalsella grayi
  6. Korthalsella horneana
  7. Korthalsella japonica.
  8. Korthalsella latissima (including K. complanata)
  9. Korthalsella lindsayi
  10.  Korthalsella opuntia  
  11. Korthalsella papuana  
  12. Korthalsella platycaula
  13. Korthalsella remyana
  14. Korthalsella rubra
  15. Korthalsella salicornioides

Notothixos

  1. Notothixos cornifolius
  2. Notothixos incanus
  3. Notothixos leiophyllus
  4. Notothixos malayanus
  5. Notothixos subaureus

Phoradendron

  1. Phoradendron affine
  2. Phoradendron anceps
  3. Phoradendron argentinum
  4. Phoradendron bathyoryctum
  5. Phoradendron berteroanum (DC) Grisebach. (= P. henslovii)
  6. Phoradendron boacoi
  7. Phoradendron bolleanum (densum variant)
  8. Phoradendron brachystachyum (syn. P. diguetianum)
  9. Phoradendron californicum
  10. Phoradendron capitellatum
  11. Phoradendron caripense
  12. Phoradendron carneum
  13. Phoradendron chrysocladon
  14.  Phoradendron crassifolium
  15. Phoradendron dipterum
  16.  Phoradendron foresteriae
  17.  Phoradendron fragile
  18. Phoradendron hexastichum
  19. Phoradendron inaequidentatum
  20. Phoradendron juniperinum
  21. Phoradendron leucarpum. Four subspecies of this taxon were recognized in the monograph by Kuijt (2003); however, these cannot be distinguish by morphological or molecular means, thus all will be considered parts of a polymorphic and wide-ranging species.
  22. Phoradendron linearifolium
  23. Phoradendron longifolium
  24. Phoradendron mucronatum
  25. Phoradendron nervosum
  26. Phoradendron nitens
  27. Phoradendron northropiae
  28. Phoradendron obtusissimum
  29. Phoradendron pellucidulum
  30. Phoradendron perredactum
  31. Phoradendron perrottetii
  32. Phoradendron piperoides
  33. Phoradendron pteroneuron
  34. Phoradendron quadrangulare
  35. Phoradendron racemosum
  36. Phoradendron reichenbachianum
  37. Phoradendron rhipsalinum
  38. Phoradendron robaloense
  39. Phoradendron robustissimum
  40. Phoradendron rubrum
  41. Phoradendron rusbyi
  42. Phoradendron strongyloclados
  43. Phoradendron tonduzii
  44. Phoradendron trinervium
  45. Phoradendron tunaeforme
  46. Phoradendron undulatum
  47. Phoradendron velutinum
  48. Phoradendron villosum
  49. Phoradendron woodsonii
  50. Phoradendron sp. 1
  51. Phoradendron sp. 2
  52. Phoradendron sp. 3
  53. Phoradendron sp. 4
  54. Phoradendron sp. 5
  55. Phoradendron sp. 6
  56. Phoradendron sp. 7
  57. Phoradendron sp. 8

Viscum

  1. Viscum album
  2. Viscum album ssp. austriacum
  3. Viscum angulatum
  4. Viscum alni-formosae
  5. Viscum anceps
  6. Viscum angulatum
  7. Viscum apiculatum
  8. Viscum articulatum
  9. Viscum bagshawei
  10. Viscum bancroftii
  11. Viscum boivinii
  12. Viscum capense
  13. Viscum capitellatum.
  14.  Viscum coloratum
  15.  Viscum combreticola
  16. Viscum continuum
  17. Viscum crassulae
  18. Viscum cruciatum
  19.  Viscum cuneifolium
  20. Viscum diospyrosicolum
  21. Viscum engleri
  22. Viscum heyneanum
  23. Viscum laxum
  24. Viscum liquidambaricola
  25. Viscum littorum
  26. Viscum longipetiolatum
  27. Viscum lophiocladum
  28. Viscum loranthi
  29. Viscum menyharthii
  30. Viscum minimum
  31. Viscum monoicum
  32. Viscum multicostatum
  33. Viscum multiflorum
  34. Viscum multinerve
  35. Viscum myriophlebium
  36. Viscum nepalense
  37. Viscum nudum
  38. Viscum obovatum
  39. Viscum obscurum
  40. Viscum orientale [=V. hyneanum]
  41. Viscum oreophilum
  42. Viscum ovalifolium
  43. Viscum pauciflorum
  44. Viscum pentanthum
  45. Viscum perrieri
  46. Viscum radula
  47. Viscum rotundifolium
  48. Viscum schaeferi
  49. Viscum shirense
  50. Viscum subserratum
  51. Viscum trachycarpum
  52. Viscum triflorum
  53. Viscum tuberculatum
  54. Viscum verrucosum
  55. Viscum whitei
  56. Viscum species 1
  57. Viscum species 2

Key to Viscum in Madagascar

Given that about one fourth of the ca. 120 species of Viscum occur in Madagascar, this country represents the second most diverse landmass following continental Africa for species diversity.  Halle (1964) provided a treatment for Viscum (under Loranthaceae) wherein 31 species were recognized. I translated her key from French to English and it is available HERE as a pdf file.

DNA Sequence Data

Phylogeny

References

 


Last updated: 16-Oct-18 / dln